By Sooraj Surendran
Every country worldwide has been fighting to control pests for ages. The term pest is usually referred to the harmful animals that are detrimental to human health or even the ecology. Pests can be even organisms, fungi, or weeds, etc.
Before we study the various means to control the pests, here are a few of pests that we have to fight with most commonly –
Caterpillar is a pest that causes damage to the crops. Termites are known to damage furniture, and structures. Ants, cockroaches’ wasps and flies are also pests. Can we forget mosquitoes and bed bugs? Rats, rodents and other mammals not just cause infections but are also carriers of diseases. Birds like pigeon, seagulls, and crows are regarded as pest when their population turns a nuisance, as they cause more damage than good.
Controlling pests has always been a part of human evolution, since a balance has to be maintained. In order to improve the agricultural output, one has to keep away the pests from the fields and protect the crops. It is generally seen, where there is human activity, and food flies and other insects gather. Public places where people throw or dispose waste it a common breeding ground for the pests.
There are various types and methods of pest controls used today some of them are –
- Electronic and
- Ultra sonic pest control devices
To control pest from being a frequent visitor or an inmate of your home, it is best to keep their source of survival and attraction away. Keep food closed, and close the trash. On a larger perspective, proper waste management and drainage system is important. The garbage is the breeding ground for mot of the pests. Rats, cockroaches, dogs, cats, mosquitoes are bound to be in your vicinity if the garbage is your neighborhood!
Today there are electronic and ultra sound devices that are used for home pest control. After using chemicals to control pest, today we have technology aided control methods. One has to understand, an electronic pest control system are not pest killers. These only drive away the pests and keep them away from your home.
These devices use the ultrasonic sound waves, UV rays, electromagnetic waves etc to keep the pests and flies away. Very commonly used in commercial places like restaurants, hotels, and food stalls, where these pests are easily attracted to, the electronic pest controllers are effective. Even birds and spiders or bats can be scared away by the device. There are electronic rodent pest controllers available too, that trap these rats and rodents.
Controlling pests is very important. Some of the common diseases transmitted to humans due to pests are Rat fever, Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, Bird flu, Swine flue, Murine typhus, Leptospirosis and many more.